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Table of Contents and Preface by Jean Webber

Chapter 1 The Land

The White Silt Cliffs
Ancient Rocks
Recent Modifications to the Landscape
Climate, Flora and Fauna
Chapter 2 The First People
An Okanagan Communication
Where Did the First People Come From?
The Culture
Efforts on Behalf of the First Nations
The Native Renaissance
Chapter 3 The Fur Trade
The Brigade Trail
Other Trails
New Hudson's Bay Company Posts Established
Chapter 4 The Colonial Era
The International Boundary
Gold, Gold Commissioners and Customs
The Overlanders
The Great Cattle Ranches
Colonial Transportation and Communication
Chapter 5 Missionaries and Churches
The Roman Catholics
Presbyterian and Methodist Missionaries
The Anglican Church
The Baptists
Religious Institutions Today
Chapter 6 From Colony to Province
MPs and MLAs
The Bennett Years
The Civil Service
Chapter 7 Stage Drivers and Mail Carriers
Mail Carriers and Post Offices
Chapter 8 Community Life
The Family
Simple Pleasures
Chapter 9 Schools
Rural Schools
Education: A Private Affair
The First Public School
Expansion of Public Schools
Other Educational Institutions
Chapter 10 Medical Services
The Preprofessionals
Pioneer Doctors
Nurses, Hospitals and Pharmacists
Chapter 11 A Developing Economy
New Opportunities
Technological Changes in Agriculture and Milling
Brick Making
Chapter 12 Hard-Rock Mining
The Great Gold Robbery
Feeding the Miners
Hedley and the Nickel Plate Mine
Other Mining Ventures
Chapter 13 Boats and Trains
Commercial Boats
Chapter 14 A Growing Population
Influx of Settlers
Outdoor Sports
Telegrams, Telephones and Newspapers
Chapter 15 Tree Fruits, Ground Crops, Vines and Agro-industries
The First Orchards
Irrigation and Land Development
Fruit Growers
Growing Concerns
Changing Technology
Ground Crops
Free Trade and Estate Wineries
Chapter 16 Military Matters
Early Military Organizations
World War I
Depleted Manpower
World War II
Commando Bay
Other Services
Chapter 17 Communication: Highways, Planes, Radio, TV
Highways up to the Mid-twenties
The Kelowna Crossing
More About Highways
Air Travel
The Air Crash

A Rich and Fruitful Land: The History of the Valleys of the Okanagan, Similkameen and Shuswap is a book with a dual parentage. First, there was the gift of $5,000 from Mr. Guy Bagnall for the writing of a history of the Okanagan and its related territories, the Similkameen and Shuswap. Secondly, as the publication of the Sixtieth Annual Report of the Okanagan Historical Society approached there was a desire to mark this anniversary in some special way. A proposal to combine these two objectives met with general approval. Hence A Rich and Fruitful Land.

Richard Guy Pearse Bagnall, born in Dublin October 8, 1882, left his homeland to serve in the Boer War, after which he travelled to Canada, reaching Vernon in 1906. There, with the exception of his World War I service, he lived for the rest of his life, participating in a number of business projects and always finding time to support any local initiative which would benefit the community. He was a Founding Member of the Okanagan Historical Society and a Life Member from 1979 until his death February 2, 1983. With regard to the writing of a history, the late Mr. Stuart Fleming of Vernon undertook this project but illness prevented him from bringing his work to fruition.

The Okanagan Historical Society was founded in September 1925. The Society has participated in a number of projects which commemorate the colourful history of our area, the principal one being the recording of significant events and the experiences of our pioneers in its Reports. For this work the Society has received national and international recognition.

In A Rich and Fruitful Land the editor has endeavoured to tell the story as far as possible from articles printed in Okanagan History: The Annual Reports of the Okanagan Historical Society, especially as many of these articles were written by people who had participated in the events recounted. However, where there are lacunae in the record other sources have been used. The objective has been to present not a history in exhaustive detail but a general picture to which a reader might relate details known to him. Those individuals named are by no means all who deserve to be remembered, but rather examples of the kind of men and women who have created the society which we inherit.

It is hoped that readers will be stimulated to read further on their areas of special interest. The Reports themselves are a treasure house of information to which our Indexes supply the key. Although many Reports are out of print, complete sets are available for public use in some libraries and museums throughout the area.

The publication of Okanagan History: The Annual Reports of the Okanagan Historical Society has been possible because of the loyal support of the members who, yearly, have purchased the current edition. We urge you to join us in support of this worthwhile activity. Reports, which come off the press each October, can be purchased from book stores and Okanagan Historical Society Branches.

-Jean Webber